The USAID-Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) Partnership has operated an HIV care and treatment program in western Kenya since November 2001. Indiana University School of Medicine (IUSM) (Indianapolis, Indiana) and Moi University Faculty of Health Sciences (Eldoret, Kenya) in collaboration with the Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, created AMPATH in response to the rapidly increasing HIV patient population being cared for at the Referral Hospital. The goal of this program was to provide HIV care in both urban and rural settings in western Kenya.
Over the years, AMPATH has expanded to embrace primary healthcare and chronic disease management. The program has enrolled more than 170,000 HIV-infected adults and children in >65 Ministry of Health facilities and numerous satellite clinics (outreach clinics) across western Kenya. All HIV and tuberculosis-related care and treatment are provided free at initiation of care. AMPATH also provides psychosocial and nutritional support for children and adults.
The AMPATH clinic in Eldoret serves as the main program hub, and is composed of four independently functioning modules designated as 1-4 (3 adult clinics and 1 pediatric clinic housed in a single building). The AMPATH Informatics team at Eldoret enters patient date in the AMPATH Medical Records System (AMRS), and receives daily deliveries of patient data and laboratory samples from outlying clinics. Following patient visit data entry and laboratory specimen processing in Eldoret, forms and test results are returned to outlying clinics.